If you believe that we can teach complex learning (e.g., analytical, creative thinking), HOW can it be done? Be specific; your ideas must be doable. If not, what are the”insurmountable obstacles”?


I agree that using Bloom’s taxonomy as a guide for us teachers to achieve the intended outcomes of the educational process like complex learning.

We teach students the foundation- the terms, parts, objective and concepts ( Knowledge). By such introduction we can further on our teaching by translation and interpretation ( Comprehension) then encourage students to apply and analyze . Penultimate step would be formulation or integration of ideas to arrive to a solution or plan, and last but not the least is evaluation or judgment based on value , logic or use.

Eg. Teaching medical technologist on the newly acquired chemistry machine in the lab. The foundation starts by pointing out the parts and working principle of the machine. Then proceed to the functionality of each part and how to use the machine . Practical application follows by demonstrating how to process blood sample.

Higher order of thinking starts when analysis occurs wherein the results of one test would be related to other chemistry results that would give a meaningful medical diagnosis. One needs to integrate and associate the basics ( parts, functions, operations, principles) in order to arrive to a plan, solution to get a reliable and credible outcome.

If the result is doubtful, the medical technologist must analyze the processes he has done before , troubleshoot the machine and investigate what went wrong then act accordingly to correct and solve the problem.

Only when ,the outcome of all chemistry results from the NEW machine  are known to be accurate and reliable that strongly support the initial diagnosis of the doctor requesting for lab test, that the medical technologist has acquired a successful complex learning experience.

Which theoretical approach/es best align/s with complex learning? Conversely, which theoretical views tend to undermine high order thinking skills? Elaborate. What are the implications to curriculum development and classroom teaching? In other words, what are the implication of specific theoretical perspectives on the way we design curriculum and plan/ implement teaching, or even in the way students learn?

Piaget’s Cognitive Constructivists best align with complex learning wherein the “theory cognitive development describes how learners develop cognitive abilities by constructing their own knowledge”.

Pavlov’s Classical conditioning, Thorndike’s Connectionism would tend to undermine high order thinking. It is because Behaviorists  learning are  automatic and direct consequences of experiences or practice NOT mediated by thinking or reasoning.

Behaviorists would say” Learning is successful if one can REPEAT what was taught while Constructivist assess successful learning when one can DEMONSTRATE conceptual understanding. Therefore, the curriculum must be designed, implemented based on the constructivist way of learning because the purpose of learning is to constructing the meaning and use of what has been taught , NOT by memorizing or modelling it from another person’s meaning.

How do you imagine might learning theory affect the progress and development of a community or a nation? As an individual with such an awareness, what commitment/s, if any, can you make?

All learning theories have their own merits and criticisms.

Based on the learning theories I have learned, I can develop my own learning-teaching strategies that would most benefit my students-to-be and at the same time develop my teaching skills. My knowledge of Behaviorist and Constructivist Theories can be used as an educational tool for me to plan, construct, implement and may even modify my strategies in teaching or even learning so as to achieve the full potential of my students as self-regulated learners.

Outside the educational walls, Behaviorist and Social Cognitive theories made me understand and improve myself and my relationships.

Life itself a continuous learning process therefore all these theories can help me understand the nature of my learning process day by day.

Most importantly, I must be conscientious of my behavior, actions and decisions because  “EACH PERSON MUST MODEL THEIR LIVES AS MODEL FOR OTHERS”


Geraldine Tria;Delia Limpingco, Loreto Jao ( 1998) Psychology of Learning

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